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MitziLindstr

заходил 19 марта в 21:29

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Learn about tie dye and how it has ended up being an art form in the United States

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Tie-dye is a modern-day term conceived in the mid-1960s in the United States for a group of age-old resist-dyeing methodologies, as well as for the products of these types of processes. The process of tie-dye normally comprises of folding, twisting, pleating, or crimpling material or a item of clothing and binding with string or rubber bands, followed by administering of dye(s). The handlings of the fabric before administration of dye are called resists, as they partly or entirely hinder the applied dye from coloring the material. More advanced hippie tie dye t shirts USA-dyes incorporate additional steps, including an initial application of dye preceding the resist, multiple sequential dye and resist steps, and employ other kinds of resists (stitching, stencils) and discharge.

Compared with regular resist-dyeing methods, tie-dye is differentiated by the use of vivid, saturated primary colors and bold patterns. These patterns, including the spiral, mandala, and peace sign, together with the use of multiple bold colors, have become cliched since the peak popularity of tie-dye in the 1960s and 70's. The vast majority of currently produced tie-dyes utilize these kinds of designs, and most are mass-produced for wholesale tie dye shirts uk distribution. That being said, a new attraction in more ' cutting edge' tie-dye is emerging in the fashion industry, distinguisheded by simple motifs, monochromatic color schemes, and a focus on fashionable garments and textiles other than cotton. A few experts still pursue tie-dye as an art form as opposed to a commodity.

A variety of dyes can possibly be used in tie-dyeing, including things like household, fiber reactive, acid, and vat dyes. Most earlier (1960s) tie-dyes were actually made with retail household dyes, particularly those made by Rit. In order to be practical on different fibers, these kinds of dyes are made up of several different dyes, and thus are much less efficient, and more likely to bleed and fade, in comparison to pure dyes designed for specific fibers. This is the basis for the well-known 'pink socks' phenomenon which occurs when fabrics dyed with mixed dyes are washed with other garments. Several tie-dyes are presently dyed with Procion MX fiber reactive dyes, a class of dyes effective on cellulose fibers like cotton, hemp, rayon, and linen. This class of dyes works with fibers at basic (high) pH, forming a wash-fast, irreversible bond. Soda ash (sodium carbonate) is the most common agent used to increase the pH and initiate the reaction, and is either added directly to the dye, or in a solution of water where garments are soaked before dyeing. Procion dyes are basically safe and easy to use, and are the same dyes used commercially to color cellulosic fabrics.

Protein-based fibers for example, silk, wool, and feathers, along with the synthetic polyamide fiber, nylon, can be dyed with acid dyes. As may be expected from the name, acid dyes are effective at acidic (low) pH, where they form ionic bonds with the fiber. Acid dyes are also very safe (some are used as food dyes) and straightforward to use. Vat dyes, including indigo, are a third class of dyes that are generally effective on cellulosic fibers and silk. Vat dyes are insoluble in water in their unreduced form, and the vat dye must be chemically reduced before they can be used to color fabric. This is accomplished by heating the dye in a strongly basic solution of sodium hydroxide (lye) or sodium carbonate (caustic potash) containing a reducing agent such as sodium hydrosulfite or thiourea dioxide. The fabric is submersed in the dye bath, and right after removal the vat dye oxidizes to its insoluble form, binding with high wash-fastness to the fiber. That being said, vat dyes, and most especially indigo, must be treated after dyeing by 'soaping' to stop the dye from rubbing (crocking) off. Vat dyes can be used to simultaneously dye the fabric and to remove underlying fiber-reactive dye (i.e., can dye a black cotton fabric yellow) because of the bleaching action of the reducing bath. The additional complexity and safety issues (particularly when utilizing strong bases for example, lye) restrict use of vat dyes in tie-dye to professionals.

Discharge agents are used to bleach color from previously-dyed fabrics, and can be used in a sort of reverse tie-dye. Household bleach (sodium hypochlorite) can be used to discharge fiber reactive dyes on bleach-resistant fibers like cotton or hemp (but not on wool or silk), though the results vary, as some fiber reactive dyes are much more resistant to bleach than others. It is necessary to bleach only as long as required to acquire the desired shade, and to neutralize the bleach with agents like sodium bisulfite, to prevent damage to the fibers. Thiourea dioxide is yet another commonly used discharge agent that may be used on cotton, wool, or silk. A thiourea dioxide discharge bath is made with hot water is made slightly basic with sodium carbonate. The final results of thiourea dioxide discharge differ significantly from bleach discharge. Discharge methods, especially using household bleach, are an easily accessible way to tie-dye without use of often messy and relatively expensive dyes.

Tie-dyeing was known in the United States by 1909, after Professor Charles E. Pellow of Columbia University acquired some examples of tie-dyed muslin and consequently gave a lecture and live demonstration of the technique.

Though shibori and batik methods were used in some instances in Western chic before the 1960s, modern-day psychedelic tie-dying did not develop into a fad until the late 1960s following the example set by rock stars especially Janis Joplin and John Sebastian (who did his own personal dyeing). The 2011 film narrative Magic Trip, that shows amateur film footage taken during the 1964 cross-country tour bus journey of countercultural icon Ken Kesey and his Merry Pranksters, shows the travelers developing a form of tie-dye by taking LSD near a pond and pouring enamel-based model airplane paint into it, prior to putting a white teeshirt upon the surface of the water. While the process is closer to paper marbling, in the accompanying story, the travelers claim credit for inventing tie-dyeing.

Tie-dying, particularly after the intro of affordable Rit dyes, came to be popular as a cheap and easily accessible method to personalize cheap Tee shirts, singlets, dresses, jeans, military surplus clothing, and other garments into psychedelic designs. A few of the popular names in tie-dye at this time were Water Baby Dye Works (run by Ann Thomas and Maureen Mubeem), Bert Bliss, and Up Tied, the latter earning a Coty Award for «major creativity in fabrics» in 1970. Up Tied designed tie-dyed velvets and silk chiffons that were used for unique one-of-a-kind garments by Halston, Donald Brooks, and Gayle Kirkpatrick, whilst another tie-dyer, Smooth Tooth Inc. dyed clothing for Dior and Jonathan Logan. In late 1960s London, Gordon Deighton created tie-dyed tops and pants for young trendy men which he retailed through the Simpsons of Piccadilly department store in London.

Groovy Blueberry is a good example of a company which provides locally made tie dye products. Located in the small town of New Paltz NY, which has a sizable hippy community as well as a thriving student population. Groovy Blueberry supports many local artisans and is widely known throughout the USA and worldwide as the premium supplier of high quality tie dye clothing. Several of the designs are one-of-a-kind to Groovy Blueberry and their know-how in tie dye methods is precisely what makes them stand apart as a provider of tie dye items. To this end you can find Groovy Blueberry goods at many different stores all throughout the United States and internationally.

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